In both animal and human studies, phenylpiracetam has been shown to boost energy, increase endurance, and in general enhance physical performance. Thus, it may be useful during training sessions to enhance efforts to improve fitness. It may also be useful to enhance performance during prolonged physical efforts, such as during emergency or unusual situations when normal resting periods are not possible. It should be noted that the use of phenylpiracetam has been banned by the World Anti-Doping Agency, so competitive athletes should refrain from using it, particularly before competitions.
There is a lot of evidence, primarily from animal studies, that phenylpiracetam can significantly enhance memory and learning. Thus, students and others looking for that mental edge use phenylpiracetam to enhance their ability to study and retain information. Combined with its energy-enhancing properties, it can support highly effective prolonged “cram” sessions that individuals use to rapidly acquire and retain large amounts of information. Some individuals with early-stage dementia or cognitive impairment due to epilepsy or trauma also use phenylpiracetam to assist their memory processes.
There is limited evidence suggesting that phenylpiracetam may help moderately enhance the mood. Some individuals speculate that its effects on mood are mediated primarily through boosting energy levels, which acts as a general stimulatory effect and thus relieves negative emotions and moods.
After oral consumption, phenylpiracetam is rapidly absorbed from the digestive tract and readily crosses the blood-brain barrier. It reaches its peak in the body only about an hour after consumption, after which it is slowly eliminated with a half-life of four to five hours. Its exact mechanism of action is unclear; it binds to nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in the brain and may act as a noradrenaline and dopamine reuptake inhibitor.